‘Escape for me
was writing’

Booke Prize-winning author Marlon James says his original inspiration was a desire to get away from a dull suburban upbringing

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It’s nine months since Marlon James became the first Jamaican writer to win the Booker Prize and the large bags under his eyes and mumbled, monosyllabic greeting are testament to the relentless cycle of travel, festival appearances, interviews and store signings that comes with taking home literature’s most prestigious award.

“I don’t want to come across as one of those people who whine about success because they are really annoying and having a successful book sure as hell beats not having a successful book, but it does get super-exhausting and I have the cranky attitude to prove it,” says the 45-year-old author, awkwardly slumped on a sofa in a corner of a plush hotel lobby in Manchester.

“Nobody tells you this until you win it, but every Booker winner that I have run into since says that by the time you get to October you are super happy to hand it over to the next person. ‘It’s yours. Take it!’” he says, gleefully pretending to pass on the title.

Realising that he is maybe starting to sound ungrateful, James stresses that his overnight elevation to the literary A-list is “incredibly exciting and I get to meet wonderful people”. But it is nonetheless highly repetitive. “Right now, my days are just travelling, doing readings and sleep. That’s pretty much it.”

By way of illustration, it’s only after 30 minutes of chatting that it suddenly dawns on him where in the UK he is. “My God. I just realised I’m in Manchester,” exclaims the music-loving writer, who cites the Smiths and Factory Records’ back catalogue as being “crucial” to his teenage years. “There must be a New Order museum here, right?”

Upon hearing that a) there is not and b) the Haçienda nightclub – whose reputation evidently spread all the way to Jamaica – was knocked down and turned into apartments years ago, his excitement nosedives.

“That has got to be the most depressing thing I’ve heard all day.”

Manchester’s credentials as a cutting edge music city take a further battering when the lobby band starts playing a cheesy cover of Long Train Running by 1970s soft rockers the Doobie Brothers. “Seriously?” questions the author, only half joking. “This is like people coming to Jamaica and hearing disco. Manchester, what is going on?”

But the Doobie Brothers do provide a period soundtrack to the book we’re here to discuss: A Brief History of Seven Killings – James’s epic, gripping and uncompromisingly violent prize-winning novel.

The scale, scope and sheer ambition of the 700-page book – James’s third in a late-blooming literary career – is staggering

Inspired by a real-life incident in 1976 when seven gunmen stormed Bob Marley’s house in Kingston, the book’s sweeping narrative spans three decades, crosses several continents and encompasses a cast of over 70 characters, including ghosts, cold-blooded hit men, beauty queens, drug dealers, politicians, prostitutes, a Rolling Stone reporter and CIA agents.

The scale, scope and sheer ambition of the 700-page book – James’s third in a late-blooming literary career – is staggering, although he says that it wasn’t always intended that way. “It was supposed to be this short crime novel about a bumbling assassin,” explains the dreadlocked author, who spent four years working on A Brief History and calls it “the riskiest and loosest thing I ever wrote”.

“It’s the furthest I’ve ever gone from my definition of what a novel should be. I was fully prepared for everybody going: ‘This went too far. This is too self-indulgent. This is too long.’ At some point I threw out the rule book about plot and I was constantly trying to surprise myself on every page. The only thing that I had as a guide was that everything that’s in my head was going down on the page regardless of what form it came down in. A novel should be an adventure for the writer too.”

“For the most part suburban living is long stretches of boredom punctuated by sports and going to the movies.”

In James’s case that adventure started in his childhood, growing up in Portmore, an affluent suburb outside Kingston. Obsessed with reading from a young age, he recalls devouring every book in his parents’ house before similarly exhausting the school library. Before long he was writing his own comics, superhero sci fiction and fantasy stories, all of which had an escapist them.

“The one thing that unites nearly every single suburb on the planet is that for the most part suburban living is long stretches of boredom punctuated by sports and going to the movies. The best thing about being in such a – at best stable, at worst dull and endlessly repetitive existence – is that you end up looking for escape, and escape for me was writing. Even when I’m writing about really complicated, dark, violent, twisted stuff, it’s still an escape. My upbringing just made me hungry for stories that weren’t mine.”

His first novel, John Crow’s Devil, about a religious cult that destroys a Jamaican village, was turned down 78 times before eventually being published in 2005. He can laugh about it now, but at the time the large pile of rejection letters made him seriously question his future as a writer.

“I was done. I just gave up on the idea,” recalls James, who describes unsuccessfully trying to track down and destroy every copy of the unpublished manuscript after one particularly painful rebuttal. “Some of the people who turned down that book were seriously smart people and for me to hold onto the idea that 78 people were just wrong and I’m right was ludicrous. As it turns out, I was right.”

Following its publication, James quit his successful but unfulfilling career in advertising and took up a teaching post at a small arts college in Minnesota, where he still lives. The distance and separation from his home country, where homosexuality is still criminalised, enabled him to come to terms with both his own sexuality and some of the unspoken, less savoury aspects of Jamaica’s history. “Either I saved myself in Minnesota or Minnesota saved me,” he once told a journalist.

James’s second novel, The Book of Night Women, about a slave revolt on an 18th century Jamaican sugar plantation, told through the eyes of a woman born into slavery, came out in 2009 and won international acclaim for its evocative and uncensored prose. “For me, novels aren’t just where plot happens. They are also where the things that I want to get off my chest end up being said and characters become the mouthpiece for that without becoming didactic.”

He says he wrote The Book of Night Women to dispel the myth “even among black people, of the house negro who had it so good that they sat with the house master”.

The fact that all three of his books to date, as well as the novel he is currently writing – a Game of Thrones-style fantasy story set in Africa during the Dark Ages – are based in the past stems from a desire to redress the colonial history he was taught at school, explains James.

“Until I hit college, history was reading about people who don’t look like me, don’t talk like me and have nothing to do with my life. From Columbus down to Queen Victoria, it was all dead Europeans.”

The history of the world, he continues, is typically the story of rich and powerful people. “The people who have to suffer from what they do don’t get histories. I don’t necessarily think I write the past to rectify it, but I do write it to highlight issues that history books aren’t telling us.”

A Brief History of Seven Killings and its sprawling cast of lowly gangsters, sex workers and corrupt politicians, rooted in first-hand sources and historical fact, brings his home country’s recent and violent past to life in vivid and damning style. The book’s global success has made the author internationally famous and led to a deal with HBO to write a TV adaptation. But for a long time after the book was published he resisted travelling home for fear of how he would be received. When he did finally return earlier this year, he was pleasantly surprised.

“By and large, Jamaicans are happy for the success of the book and think it can be a turning point for the discussions we are having in Jamaica. That’s not to say everything is peachy. The first thing I went back for was a Bob Marley lecture and people set up websites where all the homophobic bigotry came pouring out – ‘Can’t believe that some batty boy is talking about Marley’, and so forth. So I’m not kidding myself that that isn’t there. But for the most part, people were very happy to see me. I’ve been there twice now and there is so much about both trips that was so refreshing and positive.”

He describes meeting members of a gay students association and thinking that he had to give them an uplifting, inspirational speech about how life
can and does get better.

“They just wanted to talk about Beyoncé,” recalls James, grinning at the memory. “That really made my night. It still doesn’t mean that I’m going to walk down the street holding some guy’s hand, but I do think that the situation is slowly changing for the better.”

A Brief History of Seven Killings is published by Oneworld, £8.99

Big Issue North once again media partner to MLF

Our interview with Booker Prize-winner Marlon James took place when he was in town to speak at a Manchester Literature Festival event.

The main programme of the festival is on 7-23 October and Big Issue North is once again proud to be its media partner.

Writers now confirmed for MLF include Margaret Atwood, who returns to the city to unveil Hag-Seed, her re-telling of Shakespeare’s play The Tempest, part of a major project reimagining the Bard’s canon for a 21st-century audience.

With her forthcoming book Get A Life, fashion designer Vivienne Westwood discusses her career, climate change and adventures in political activism.

Newly Scottish makar – national poet – Jackie Kay will read from her work and discuss her career, and one of MLF’s established favourites – taking tea with a popular author – returns. This year booklovers can sit down with Jenni Murray, Tracy Chevalier, Alan Johnson and Jane Rogers in the Midland Hotel.

Other confirmed authors include Lionel Shriver, Ben Okri – past winner of the Man Booker Prize – Vivienne Westwood, Susan Calman and Alan Cumming

Big Issue North will feature more news about MLF and interviews with its authors in the run-up to October. Tickets go on general sale on 22 July.

Visit manchesterliteraturefestival.co.uk for more information and the full line-up

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